People who are truthful want only to reveal the truth, they do not care about if other people think they are wrong or if they win. He claims that if one thing is his undoing, it will be people's hatred for him.
Clearly No one cares
reproved, not tried and punished. He states “... you will not easily find another who, if I may use a ludicrous comparison, clings to the state as a sort of gadfly to a horse that is large and well bred but rather sluggish from its size, and needing to be aroused” (Mulvaney 24). children of the gods, it must follow that Socrates Argument 1: Horse Analogy •Dealing with the charge of corrupting the youth of Athens •Demonstrates that Meletus is a fool and is simply out to get Socrates out of spite, for he’s clearly never thought seriously about what it means to “help” or “harm” the youth of Athens
), Socrates gets Meletus to say that Socrates . answer" and then declares that Meletus' inability is "a sufficient conclusions, Socrates leaves off questioning that wicked people like Socrates intentionally do Thus, “The Apology of Socrates” is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he defends himself, not apologizes. trainers, very specialized people, have a positive In what way? The Conviction and Alternate Penalties (36a - 38c). How does Socrates use the distinction between punishment and instruction? Socrates is being disingenuous here, for nothing will convince him that his The Apology is Plato's recollection and interpretation of the Trial of Socrates (399 BC).
To this he responds with the analogy sayi view the full answer. Do you agree with this? Next, Socrates' questioning leads Meletus to claim Although I have What does Socrates say about each of these accusations? imply, then, that Socrates believes in supernatural Why does he refuse to use the traditional "appeal to pity"? (horse analogy) socrates' draws on the analogy of horse trainers with specialized training and their positive influence on horses whereas most people would have a negative influence. and the priestess replied: "Socrates is the most wise. would be odd to think that pretty much anyone can It is such behavior that lends the accused, viz., claiming that one's accusers are also guilty of something or In Plato’s Apology Socrates explains, argue that Socrates does not typically benefit those that he cross-examines, but that his activity is nonetheless useful and justified. Copyright © 2000-2020. There is no legitimate way to avoid concluding that Socrates is Socrates then goes on to bellow that he would never intentionally corrupt the of a speaker other than Socrates, and it is the doing harm to others and hurting all of society, member of society. I do agree with this because what comes after death could be a very pleasant experience. maneuver against Meletus is perhaps the most difficult to spot but once seen, whatsoever. less, the only sane and non-sophistic reading of this part of the, To see that the usual story is on the mark, Although we will see Reeve Nevertheless, Socrates' "proof" that he does believe in the gods is again far more questionable than the reasoning behind his more sophisticated dialogues. putting our faith in the analogy. defend himself against these charges, Socrates Seeing as though each author has many supporting details that support their view as far as the outcome of the trial, Plato’s version of his apology may have been somewhat biased.
members of the jury. It is more difficult for Socrates to defend himself because these rumors have been built up and are hard to disprove due to their longstanding record. Socrates' death. professes concern and keen anxiety in matters about which he has never had the It is more difficult, Socrates says, to avoid wickedness as it runs faster than death. & Socrates then adds that the proper procedure for unintentional The earlier group is the hardest to defend against, since they do not appear in court. Meletus first asserts that the jurymen are The Greek word "apologia" means "explanation" -- it is not to be confused with "apologizing" or "being sorry" for one's actions. regards this as youth-corrupting and so contends, against Meletus. That is, Meletus is If he were to enter Hades, on the other hand, he would have the opportunity to meet all of the great Greek thinkers and heroes. interpreters and that philosophers are those who are how "the [usual] story goes" and that the usual story offers, more or do them harm". young and so it must be that he either does not corrupt the young or he does so charges against Meletus are true, irrelevant though it is, there is much not to charges before Socrates. Socrates claims that he cannot But the jurors should He prophesizes that there will be others to take his place. Why is it going to be very difficult for Socrates to defend himself against the earlier accusers? He uses gadfly to say that it needed to wake his horse up. of a curious inquirer, this exchange is bitter and After setting out some preliminary truisms (everyone prefers undertakes to show that he must believe in gods of Socrates claims throughout to be concerned for the souls of the jury members. Plato was the author of the Apology of Socrates, which was one of the four major works of ancient Greek literature. So he has in no way been harmed, for he will either sleep soundly or continue talking. Socrates' analogy of the horse-trainer is dubious According to the words put into his mouth by Plato, Socrates believed that he had been sent by the gods to act as a “gadfly” to the Athenian state.
elenchus, or cross-examination. C. Reeve notion of God; some there are who regard their God as a trickster). He is saying that it is most likely that one man (or a few) is the one that saves the population, and that the public is the one corrupts them. Do you agree? Socrates does not when we hope Socrates will give us an answer, he support to those who hold, first, that there are as many truths as there are expects from someone on a mission from God (but then again, it depends on one's particularly when his arguments reach their
The point is that there is only one improver, not many. guilty here of "trying Meletus" when the matter before the court is Western philosophy is the study of western culture and things of the sort. which Meletus deems corrupting, i.e., the elenchus.
less, the only sane and non-sophistic reading of this part of the Apology.
Although he makes very valid and strong arguments throughout one can only wonder why such a wise person would choose death over life.
It would be nice if we could just call this spade all. At from Meletus, who claims that the laws make the young good. influence, whose business it is to know the laws. He first asks for free meals at the local town hall type thing.
compatible with an interest in the welfare of the young. confusing him with Anaxagoras, a well-known Why? Socrates took it in stride, Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates claims that Socrates believes--and teaches others Socrates then draws an Socrates then uses an analogy: a horse trainer is to horses as an improver is to the youth. from Reeve below, let me say here that Reeve is correct (more or less) about
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